Otokar Březina (Václav Jebavý)

Born on 13 September 1868, Počátky Died on 25 March 1929, Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou Teacher and poet
He was the son of Ignác Jebavý, the shoemaker in the village of Počátky, and his third wife, Kateřina. From 1883 to 1887 he studied at the Grammar School in Telč. He demonstrated his literary talent already at school, and he was equally gifted as a drawer. He composed song lyrics and lyrics of music hall songs set to music by his fellow-student František Bauer. A lot of his first literary works were printed in the periodicals Orel and Orlice published by Emil Šolc.
After graduating from the Grammar School he became a teacher in the village of Jinošov near Náměšť nad Oslavou where he met his fellow-teacher, the theosophist Anna Pammrová. She was an inspiration of his later poetry and personal maturity. Březina corresponded with her till the end of life, but they never met again. In November 1888 Březina became a teacher in the village of Nová Říše where he spent 11 years and where he wrote most of his poetry.
The third place where Březina continued in his teaching profession was the town of Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou where he taught at the local secondary school until his retirement in 1925. During the vacations he liked to return to the region of Nová Říše where most of his major work had been written, and also to the gamekeeper’s lodge in Kouty , and later to Svatá Magdalena.
Březina visited Telč for the last time in 1928, and death prevented him from meeting his promise that he would come in the next year again. His burial became a homage of the Czech people to an immortal poet.
His remarkable poetry earned Březina a number honorary titles: in 1913 he became a corresponding member, and in 1923 a regular member of the Czech Academy of Arts and Sciences, in 1919 he received an honorary doctorate from Charles University, Prague. However, he turned down the offer to become a professor at the new University of Brno in 1921. In 1921 and again in 1929 he was a Czech candidate for the Novel Prize for literature (http://nopbelprize.org). In 1928 he received the so-called Grand State Prize, but he donated the whole considerable sum to a charitable organization supporting Czech writers.

Bibliography:
Tajemné dálky (Mysteroius Distances), a collection of poems, 1895
Svítání na západě (Daybreak in the West), a collection of poems, 1896
Větry od pólů (Winds from the Poles), a collection of poems, 1897
Stavitelé chrámu (The Builders of the Church), a collection of poems, 18
99 Ruce (Hands), a collection of poems, 1901
Hudba pramenů (The Music of the Sources), a collection of essays, 1903

Posthumously:
Skryté dějiny (The Hidden History), a collection of essays, ed. by J. Zika
VLOŽIL: Terezie Veselá (31.05.2012) , UPRAVIL: Eliška Rodová (20.11.2020)
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